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  • 空调的基础知识
  • 本站编辑:杭州凌源制冷设备云南11选5走势图发布日期:2018-01-18 10:34 浏览次数:
1、首先介绍一下空调的基础知识:
1, first of all, introduce the basic knowledge of air conditioning.
空调分为室内机(蒸发器);室外机(冷凝器);冷媒通过压缩机在室内外机进行循环,完成制冷、制热的转换。下面是空调制冷制热的原理图:
The air conditioner is divided into the indoor unit (evaporator), the outdoor unit (condenser), the refrigerant circulate through the compressor inside and outside the machine, and the transformation of refrigeration and heating is completed. The following is the principle of the heat of the air conditioning refrigeration.

通过四通阀的转换,控制冷媒的流向,来完成制冷和制热转换。
Through the conversion of the four - way valve, the flow direction of the refrigerant is controlled to complete the refrigeration and heat conversion.
2、冷却系统的原理:
2. The principle of cooling system:
空调内的各部品分别通过铜管相连接后,被完全密封起来,形成管路。该管路内封入了「冷媒」,焊接工作就是将管路焊好,不能泄露,以使冷媒在管路中流动,不能泄露,这样可以提高空调的品质,降低空调的制造成本,减少对环境的影响。
Each part of the air conditioner is connected through the copper tube and is completely sealed to form a pipe. The pipeline is sealed in a "cold media", the welding work is the pipeline welding, can not leak, so that the refrigerant flow in the pipeline can not be leaked, so as to improve air quality, reduce the manufacturing cost of the air conditioner, reducing the impact on the environment.
 
制冷:压缩机→四通阀→室外机→室内机,这样空调系统就完成了制冷。
Refrigeration: the compressor, the four - way valve, the outdoor machine and the indoor machine, so the air conditioning system has finished the refrigeration.
制热:压缩机→四通阀→室内机→室外机,这样空调系统就完成了制热。
Heat making: the compressor, the four - way valve, the indoor machine and the outdoor machine, so the air conditioning system has completed the heat making.
  

4、各部件的作用:
4. The function of each component:
压缩机:使冷媒在压缩机内处于高温高压的状态,以便使冷媒液化,使冷媒在管路当中进行循环,压缩机内要有压缩机油,压缩机油的作用是给压缩机往复运动提高润滑,减少摩擦,并能起到冷却作用。
The refrigerant compressor in high temperature and high pressure in the compressor state, so that the refrigerant liquefied, the refrigerant circulating in the pipeline, a compressor oil to the compressor, compressor oil compressor reciprocating role is to improve the lubrication and reduce friction, and can play a role in cooling.
过滤器:过滤杂质、干燥水分。
Filter: filter impurities, dry moisture.
热交换器:冷却冷媒;
Heat exchanger: cooling refrigerant;
四通阀:制冷制热的转换;
Four - way valve: conversion of cooling heat;
管路系统:冷媒流通的管路;
Pipeline system: refrigerant circulation pipeline;
阀板:与室内机连接的开关;
Valve plate: a switch connected to an indoor machine;
电子膨胀阀:控制冷媒的流量大小。
Electronic expansion valve: control the flow of the refrigerant.
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